Four Ancient Chinese Arts:
Chinese guqin/Wei Qi/Calligraphy/Painting
People who have watched Chinese costume dramas should often hear a word praising talented people in it: 琴棋书画，样样精通. So what does the 琴棋书画 mentioned here mean? Let's talk about it today.
琴棋书画, also known as the "four arts", is a skill necessary for the ancient literati and the upper class to cultivate themselves, and is also known as the "four friends of the literati".The saying "琴棋书画" first appeared in the Tang Dynasty poet Zhang Yanyuan's“法书要录”：“辩才俗姓袁氏，梁司空昂之玄孙。辩才博学工文，琴棋书画，皆得其妙。”Later, it gradually evolved into words praising a person's talent and literary accomplishment.Cao Xueqin gave the maid of "Sichun" the name of "抱琴、司棋、侍书、入画" in "A Dream of Red Mansions", which fully reflects the status of 琴棋书画 in the life of ancient literati.
Guqin, also known as "Yaoqin" and "Qi xian qin", is one of the oldest plucked musical instruments in China.Probably appeared in the Yao Shun period. In 2003, the guqin was listed as the world's "Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". Se, an ancient plucked string instrument, originally had fifty strings, each with a column.So there is such an ancient poem as“锦瑟无端五十弦，一弦一柱思华年”.The se excavated from the Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng in Suixian County, Hubei Province, is the oldest existing se in China.China's famous guqin songs are as follows: 高山流水、广陵散、平沙落雁、梅花三弄、胡笳十八拍, have you ever heard it?
围棋Go game&中国象棋Chinese chess
Go, a strategic two-player board game, was called "Yi" in ancient China and "Go" in the West. It is endemic to East Asian countries (China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea). Go originated in China and is said to have been written by Emperor Yao, and recorded during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods. During the Sui and Tang dynasties, it was introduced to Japan through Korea and spread to European and American countries. Go contains the rich connotation of Chinese culture, and it is the embodiment of Chinese culture and civilization.Chinese chess is a cultural treasure of the Chinese nation, it has a long history, rich in fun, and the basic rules are simple and easy to understand. Chinese chess in China's mass base far exceeds Go, is the most popular chess project, Chinese chess has spread to more than a dozen countries and regions.
Calligraphy must be familiar to everyone, calligraphy is the art of writing Chinese characters, which is a very unique visual art. In ancient China, children of famous masters began to practice calligraphy from an early age. Calligraphy can reflect the writer's personal life feelings, knowledge, personality, cultivation, etc.So there is usually a saying that "the word is like the person".Moreover, if the calligraphy is not good in the imperial examination, it will definitely be eliminated immediately.Wang Xizhi, Yan Zhenqing, Zhao Mengfu, Liu Gongquan, etc. were all outstanding calligraphers of ancient China.
Painting refers to Chinese painting, which is mainly a kind of traditional Chinese painting that uses a brush dipped in water, ink and color to paint on a pale or paper. Chinese painting has a rich subject matter, mainly divided into figure painting, landscape painting, flower and bird painting. Chinese painting is not only a form of painting, but also a way to express ideas with art.The three themes of Chinese painting actually summarize the three aspects of the universe and life: landscape painting integrates mankind and nature, representing the relationship between mankind and nature; The paintings of flowers and birds express the state of harmonious coexistence between nature and mankind; Figure paintings depict human society and the relationship between human beings.Gu Kaizhi, Wu Daozi, Wang Wei and other representative figures of Chinese painting.
After reading today's introduction, which one of the 琴棋书画 are you interested in? If you have time, you can try to learn! See you next time!