怎样让孩子学会用长句子进行表达?—HanTok学中文

怎样让孩子学会用长句子进行表达?—HanTok学中文

怎样让孩子学会用长句子进行表达?

How to teach children to express in long sentences?

 

应该很多老师和家长都遇到过小朋友在练习说中文的时候经常中英夹杂或者只使用中文词汇来表述,这种现象在孩子们刚开始学习中文以及中文学习难度提升的时候经常出现。

It should be that many teachers and parents have encountered children who often mix Chinese and English or only use Chinese words to express when practicing speaking Chinese.This phenomenon often occurs when children are just starting to learn Chinese and when the difficulty of learning Chinese increases.

 

要解决这个问题,我们首先需要针对性地分析孩子们这种表现的原因。对于零基础的孩子们来说,刚开始接触中文,学会的中文词汇和句型还不够多,因此很难开口说长句子,很多时候只能用已经学会的词语来表达自己的想法,比如表述天气、心情、学习状况时都只会说“很好”,无法用更完整的句子比如“今天的天气很好”来表达,也不能用更高级的词汇比如“晴朗”来描述天气。这都与孩子知道的词汇量有关,所以解决这种原因造成的问题就需要扩充词汇量。

To solve this problem, we first need to analyze the reasons for the children's behavior in a targeted manner.For zero-based kids, they have just started to learn Chinese, and they have not learned enough Chinese vocabulary and sentence patterns, so it is difficult to speak long sentences.In many cases, they can only express thoughts with the word have already learned. For example, when expressing the weather, mood, and learning status, they can only say "很好".It cannot be expressed in more complete sentences such as "今天的天气很好", nor can it be described in more advanced words such as "晴朗".This is all related to the vocabulary that the child knows, so to solve the problems caused by this reason, it is necessary to expand the vocabulary.

 

还有一种原因是随着学习中文的时间推移,内容的难度越来越大,如果孩子们存在知识点掌握不好的情况,也会造成不敢开口的情况。不确定自己的答案是否正确、害怕出错等等想法都会让孩子直接说词汇来代替原本的长句子。所以对于这种情况,将知识点记牢并在学习过程中给孩子一些信心可以有效解决这一问题。

Another reason is that with the passage of time in learning Chinese, the content becomes more and more difficult. If children do not have a good grasp of knowledge, they will not dare to speak.Not sure whether the answer is correct, fear of making mistakes, etc. will make the child directly speak vocabulary instead of the original long sentence.So for this situation, remembering the knowledge points and giving children some confidence in the learning process can effectively solve this problem.

 

由于一些孩子在学校没有中文的语言环境,所以我们可以在家做一些简单的练习来提升中文水平,帮助孩子们用长句子进行表达。比如“指令游戏”,家长可以说出一个中文句子来表达某种指令,例如“把杯子放到桌上”,让孩子直接做出这个动作,并汇报结果:“我已经把杯子放到桌子上了”,这种练习不仅可以考查孩子是否可以听懂,也能锻炼孩子说长句子的能力。如果孩子说长句子的时候犯了错,我们一定要及时指出来,并纠正,这样孩子才能记得更牢固。

Since some children do not have a Chinese language environment at school, we can do some simple exercises at home to improve their Chinese proficiency and help children express themselves in long sentences.For example, in the "command game", parents can speak a Chinese sentence to express some kind of command.For example, "put the cup on the table", let the child do this action directly, and report the result: "I have put the cup on the table".This kind of exercise can not only test whether the child can understand, but also exercise the child's ability to speak long sentences.If the child makes a mistake when speaking a long sentence, we must point it out in time and correct it, so that the child can remember it more firmly.

 

除此之外,我们还可以做词语接龙、句子接龙的游戏,这种游戏比较适合有较大词汇量积累的孩子,因为比较考验词汇量。所以大一点的孩子会对这种游戏比较感兴趣,这种游戏对他们来说更有挑战性。

In addition, we can also play word solitaire and sentence solitaire games. This kind of game is more suitable for children with a large vocabulary accumulation, because it tests vocabulary. So older children will be more interested in this kind of game, which is more challenging for them.

 

在日常生活中,我们使用以上两种方法都可以搭配奖励,或者使用积分,到了特定的时间可以兑换孩子们想要的礼物,这样才能让孩子们保持学习中文的动力。

In daily life, we can use the above two methods to match rewards, or use points to exchange for gifts that children want after a certain period of time, so as to keep children motivated to learn Chinese.

 

其实很多孩子是愿意讲中文的,只不过需要一些鼓励,只要我们多一点耐心和支持,孩子们开口说中文不是大问题!

In fact, many children are willing to speak Chinese, but they just need some encouragement. As long as we have more patience and support, it is not a big problem for children to speak Chinese!

 

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