Many students reported that Chinese reading comprehension is too difficult, even if they know the answering skills and precautions, they seem to lose a lot of points, so the content shared by the editor today will definitely help everyone. After mastering the answer formulas of different reading question types, combined with the text itself, the answers summed up must be very accurate. Let's take a look together!
1. Summarize a paragraph
First: To accurately summarize the meaning of a paragraph, you must first understand the meaning of each sentence in the paragraph, and also figure out the relationship between the sentences in the paragraph, and find out the main sentence that can reveal the meaning of the whole paragraph, the so-called central sentence ( The position of the central sentence is mostly at the beginning or end of the paragraph, and some of them are also in the paragraph). If there is no central sentence, it is necessary to grasp the central meaning of the whole paragraph and summarize it yourself.
Second: Extracting syntax is to find the central sentence in the paragraph.
Third: Summarize the main meaning of the whole paragraph in your own language.
Fourth: Some paragraphs of the joint method talk about more than one meaning. When summarizing, several meanings must be expressed in concise language.
2. The answer mode of summarizing the main content of the full text
Who----for what----did what----what was the result.
3. Talk about the change of the protagonist’s thought and personality
The key is to answer "change", such as: he changed from...to...
4. Five expressions
Narrative, description, explanation, discussion, and lyric The discussion in the narration is the author expresses his own opinion on the things recorded in the narration. Or praise, why praise; or object, why object.
The lyric in the narrative is the author expresses his feelings to the recorded things in the process of narrative. It can generally be divided into two categories: direct lyricism and indirect lyricism (expressing one's will through objects and expressing emotions through scenery).
5. How to summarize the central idea of the article
The central idea of the article is the author's writing intention and purpose. It is expressed through the structural form of words, words, paragraphs, and articles of the article. To sum up the central idea, we must first understand the main content of the article, the meaning of the paragraph or the central sentence of the article to summarize. We can also start with reviewing questions, the beginning, end, key paragraphs, discussion parts or getting hints from the examination questions.
6. Scenery description
The role of scenery description is to explain the time and place of the story; to exaggerate the atmosphere and heighten the mood of the characters; to express the character of the characters; to promote the development of the plot.
7. "Explain words according to context" question type
There are two ways to answer the question, one is to directly write the meaning of the word through the analysis of the context; the other is more complete, that is, after explaining the word, add----in the text refers to ...
8. "Appreciation and Analysis of Beautiful Sentences" question type (there are mainly two types of questions)
A. What's so good about the word "××"?
★Method of answering questions: The word "××" is used to vividly (accurately) explain the characteristics of ...things, which can arouse readers' interest (according to the actual situation and scientific).
B. Can the word "××" be deleted?
★The way of answering questions is not good. The word "××" is used to vividly illustrate..., which can arouse readers' interest. If it is removed, it will not have this effect.
No, delete the word "××", the meaning of the sentence becomes..., which seems too absolute; using the word "××" accurately explains..., which is in line with the actual situation, leaving room for it, and scientific sex.
Appreciation of sentence paragraphs is considered from three aspects: content (what is written, what is unique in the selection of materials); 4. Parallelism: strengthen the tone 5. Rhetorical questions: clear attitude, strengthen the tone)]; feelings (social value, meaning, function, etc. of the article); structure (the role in the full text).
9. The order of narrative
narration, narration, narration (supplementary narration is a kind of narration)
10. The benefits of writing personal pronounsThe first person is true and credible; the second person is kind and natural; the third person can describe from multiple angles without being limited by time and space.
1. Question type: paragraph meaning, summary of main content
1. Narrative : Answer clearly (when, where) who does what.
Format: (time + location) + person + matter.
2. Explanatory text : The answer clearly explains what the object is and what its characteristics are.
Format: description (introduction) + description object + description content (features)
3. Argumentative essay : answer clearly what is the question being discussed and what is the author's point of view.
Format: What method of argument is used to prove (demonstrate) + argument.
11. The function of a certain sentence in the text
1. The beginning of the article: the opening question; the general introduction to the following.
2. In the text: connecting the past and the next; summarizing the above; causing the following.
3. At the end of the article: point out the center; deepen the theme; point questions at the end of the article; echo the beginning.
12. The use and function of rhetorical techniques
1. Metaphor, personification : vivid image.
Answer format: vividly write out + object + characteristic.
2. Parallel ratio : have momentum, strengthen the tone, complete in one go, etc.
Answer format: emphasized + object + characteristic.
3. Asking questions : arouse readers' attention and thinking.
Answer format: draw readers' attention and thinking about +object+characteristics.
4. Rhetorical questions : emphasis, strengthening the tone, etc.
13. Explain the meaning of words in context
Method 1: As the name suggests, expand the meaning of keywords, and then connect them into one sentence.
Method 2: The method of finding synonyms, pay attention to be able to substitute into the text, and still keep it smooth.
Method 3: Combine the specific description of the object described by the word.
14. Compare reading comprehension.
Sometimes the test will compare and read in-class articles and extra-curricular articles with similar content. For this type of topic, we can compare the content, writing characteristics, and emotional tone of the articles.
The above are the answers to the routine questions about the narrative. Let's take a look at the reading comprehension of the expository text.
15. Reading comprehension of expository texts.
For the reading comprehension of expository texts, we can grasp three points: the object of explanation, the order of explanation, and the method of explanation .
There are three types of description order: temporal order, spatial order, and logical order .
The most important thing is the method of explanation and its function. Commonly used methods of explanation include: classifying, giving examples, making analogies, listing data, making comparisons, defining, interpreting, drawing diagrams, and citing materials.
Among them, the most involved are sub-categories, examples, comparisons, column data, and comparisons.
The role of subcategories is to clarify complex things.
Examples can play a role in making the content concrete and persuasive.
The explanation method of analogy is consistent with the metaphor in rhetoric. This method can highlight the characteristics of things and enhance the image and vividness of the explanation.
Column data can make the things described more specific, and it is easy for readers to understand the relevant content.
Making a comparison is similar to a rhetorical comparison. To illustrate some abstract or unfamiliar things, you can use concrete or familiar things to compare with it, so that readers can get a specific and vivid impression through comparison. The characteristics of things are also often revealed in comparison.
16. Reading comprehension of argumentative essays.
1. The three elements of an argumentative essay: arguments, arguments, and arguments.
2. Argumentation methods: moral argumentation, argumentation by example, argumentation by comparison, argumentation by reference, argumentation by metaphor.
3. Argumentation methods: Argumentation and refutation. (Argumentative essays can be divided into two categories based on this standard: argumentative essays and rebuttal essays.)
Fourth, the role of analysis and demonstration methods: the details are as follows:
① Demonstration by example: Demonstrate by citing specific examples to make the argument more specific and convincing.
Format: use the argumentation method of example argument, cite... (summary example) to prove... (if there is a sub-argument, write the sub-argument it proves, otherwise write the central argument), so as to make the argument more specific and convincing force.
②Moral argument: Prove the argument by reasoning, making the argument more general and in-depth.
Format: Using the argumentation method of moral argumentation, it demonstrates the point of view, so that the argumentation is more general and in-depth.
③Argument by metaphor: Prove by using metaphors to make the argument vivid and easy to understand.
Format: Using the argument method of metaphorical argument, comparing ... to ..., proving the point of view of ..., so as to explain the abstract and profound truth in a vivid, easy-to-understand manner.
④ Comparative argument: The role of comparative argument is to highlight.
Format: The argument method of comparative argument is used to compare ... with ..., highlighting the point of view of ....
⑤ Citation argument: its role should be analyzed in detail. For example, citing famous quotes, aphorisms, and authoritative data can enhance the persuasiveness and authority of the argument; citing anecdotes and anecdotes of celebrities can enhance the interest of the argument and attract readers to read.
Format: Using the argument method of citing arguments, the argument is made more convincing by citing ... the point of view that proves .... (Or more interesting, to attract readers to read)
The above are the answer formulas for different types of reading comprehension questions brought to you today. Remember these. Get the ideal score in reading comprehension!