Every year at the end of the year, there are so many festivals in China. Today is the long-awaited Laba Festival! This name may be unfamiliar to many friends living abroad, so today we will talk about Laba Festival together!
At the end of the year, there are so many festivals in China. Today is the long-awaited Laba Festival! This name may be unfamiliar to many friends living abroad, so today we will talk about Laba Festival together!
Laba Festival is a traditional festival originating from China. It gets its name because it is celebrated on the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month. The original meaning is to sacrifice ancestors and gods, pray for a good harvest, auspiciousness and avoid evil. In China, there is a custom of drinking porridge on the Laba Festival. According to legend, this day is the Buddha's Enlightenment Day, the day when Sakyamuni became a Buddha under the Bodhi Gaya Bodhi tree and founded Buddhism. The Taoist "Eight Dao Secret Words" also mentions that this day is "Hou Wang La" in the Five La Days, and it is necessary to fast and worship ancestors.
So what are the customs on Laba Festival? We together look!
- Laba porridge is called "seven treasures and five flavors porridge".
- Laba porridge is called " Qī bǎo wǔ wèi zhōu "
The history of eating Laba porridge in China has been more than one thousand years, and it first started in the Song Dynasty. On the day of Laba, no matter it is the imperial court, the government, the monastery or the common people's homes, they all make Laba porridge. Laba porridge is generally made of glutinous rice, sesame seeds, coix seed, longan, red dates, shiitake mushrooms, lotus seeds and other ingredients, and is very delicious.
- Eat Laba Garlic on Laba Festival
Soaking Laba garlic is a custom in North China. As the name suggests, garlic is brewed on the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month. It is said, the word Suan in Laba Suan has the same pronunciation as the word "calculate(计suan )". This is the day when various merchant want to collect accounts. Calculate the income and expenditure of this year, and you can see the profit and loss, must be calculated clearly on this day, "laba calculation (calculation)" is such a thing.
- Eating ice on the Laba Festival
The day before Laba, people usually use steel basins to scoop water to freeze, and when it is Laba Festival, they take off the ice from the basin and break the ice into pieces. It is said that the ice on this day is miraculous, and after eating it, you will not have a stomachache for a year.
- Eat Laba Tofu during Laba Festival
Laba tofu is a folk specialty in Qianxian County, Anhui Province. On the eve of the Spring Festival, that is, around the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month, every household in Qianxian county makes tofu in the sun. The folks call this naturally sun-dried tofu "Laba tofu".
- Eat Laba noodles during the Laba Festival
In some places in northern China where there is no or little rice production, people do not eat Laba porridge, but Laba noodles. On the day of the Laba Festival, various fruits and vegetables are used to make saozi, and the noodles are rolled out. The whole family eats Laba noodles in the morning.
- Laba Festival Sacrifice
On the day of the Laba Festival, various places in China will use different ways to worship ancestors, praying for peace and prosperity in the coming year. Therefore, on this day, you can see the phenomenon that every family worships ancestors, but because of regional differences, the way of worship will also vary. different.
Well, the above is the introduction of the Chinese Laba Festival, you can take a look to see if there are similar festivals in your country, and find out what are the similarities and differences! Finally, share an ancient poem related to the Laba Festival to end today's content!
"La Ri" (Tang) Du Fu
It is still warm every year in December, and the freezing weather in December has disappeared this year.
là rì cháng nián nuǎn shàng yáo ,jīn nián là rì dòng quán xiāo .
Invading the mausoleum, the color of the snow turns day lilies into the sky, and there are wicker branches in the leakage of spring light.
qīn líng xuě sè hái xuān cǎo ,lòu xiè chūn guāng yǒu liǔ tiáo .
Indulging in wine to make a good night and getting drunk, returning to the family at the beginning of the Zichen Dynasty.
zòng jiǔ yù móu liáng yè zuì ,huán jiā chū sàn zǐ chén cháo .
Mouth cream and face medicine follow the grace, emerald tubes and silver poppies descend to the sky.
kǒu zhī miàn yào suí ēn zé ,cuì guǎn yín yīng xià jiǔ xiāo .